Moroccan bread is called khobz, and is characterized by a round, somewhat-flat shape and a slightly coarse texture. Although often referred to as flatbread, bakery-made Moroccan bread is often a full inch and half thick, making it look more like a circular free form loaf than what many would consider "flat." No matter the thickness, however, the disc shape of khobz allows for lots of crust, which is ideal for dipping and scooping up tagines, salads and other Moroccan dishes. The crust is so preferred, in fact, that many Moroccans will remove and discard the soft interior from thicker loaves of bread.
This recipe is for basic Moroccan white bread; use all-purpose flour or bread flour. Vary the recipe by substituting other flours for some of the white, or try the Moroccan Wheat Bread Recipe.
Allow 1 hour rising time. Yields two 8" to 9" round loaves.
Prep Time: 20 minutes
Cook Time: 25 minutes
Rising time: 1 hour
Total Time: 1 hour, 45 minutes
- 4 cups white flour
- 2 teaspoons salt
- 2 teaspoons sugar
- 1 tablespoon yeast
- 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
- 1 1/4 cup warm water
- additional flour for kneading
- cornmeal, semolina or oil for the pan
Prepare two baking sheets by oiling the centers, or by dusting the pans with a little cornmeal or semolina.
Mix the flour, sugar, and salt in a bowl. Make a large well in the center of the flour mixture, and add the yeast.
Add the oil and the water to the well, mixing to dissolve the yeast first, and then stirring the entire contents of the bowl to incorporate the water into the flour.
Turn the dough out onto a floured surface, and begin kneading the dough. If necessary, add flour or water in very small amounts to make the dough soft and pliable, but not sticky. Continue kneading for 10 minutes, or until the dough is very smooth and elastic.
Divide the dough in half, and shape each portion into a smooth circular mound. Place onto the prepared pans, and cover with a towel. Allow to rest for 10 minutes.
After the dough has rested, use the palm of your hand to flatten the dough into circles about 1/4" thick. Cover with a towel, and leave to rise about one hour, or until the dough springs back when pressed lightly with a finger.
Preheat an oven to 435°F (225°C).
Score the top of the bread with a very sharp knife, or poke the dough with a fork in several places. Bake the bread for about 20 minutes – rotate the pans about halfway through the baking time – or until the loaves are nicely colored and sound hollow when tapped. Transfer the bread to a rack or towel-lined basket to cool.