Seffa Medfouna is a famous Moroccan dish which features saffron chicken, lamb or beef hidden within a dome of steamed couscous or broken vermicelli (chaariya). The couscous or vermicelli is sweetened with raisins, butter and powdered sugar and decorated with ground fried almonds, cinnamon and additional powdered sugar.
Seffa may be prepared without the meat and served as a follow-up course to a main dish. Both are popular on holidays or when entertaining.
Also see How to Fry Almonds.
Prep Time: 40 minutes
Cook Time: 3 hours
Total Time: 3 hours, 40 minutes
- ----- For Preparing the Seffa -----
- 2 lbs. (about 1 kg) dry broken vermicelli or couscous
- 3 tablespoons vegetable or olive oil
- 2 teaspoons salt
- 1 cup golden raisins, soaked in water for 20 minutes
- 4 tablespoons butter
- 1 cup powdered sugar, or to taste
- ----- For Cooking the Saffron Chicken or Meat -----
- 1 whole chicken, cut into pieces (or 2 lbs. - about 1 kg - cubed lamb or beef)
- 2 large sweet onions, chopped medium
- 1 tablespoon ground ginger
- 1 teaspoon white pepper
- 1/2 teaspoon black pepper
- 2 sticks of cinnamon
- 1 teaspoon saffron threads, crumbled
- 1 teaspoon turmeric
- 1 1/2 to 2 teaspoons salt
- 4 tablespoons butter
- 1/4 cup olive oil
- 1/4 cup chopped fresh cilantro
- ----- For Decorating the Seffa -----
- 1/2 to 1 cup almonds (blanched, fried and ground)
- 1 cup powdered sugar
- 2 tablespoons ground cinnamon
Steam the Couscous or Broken Vermicelli (Chaariya)
Fill the base of a couscoussier with ample salted water, and bring to a boil over high heat. Reduce to a simmer, and proceed with steaming the couscous three times (add the raisins for the final steaming), or the broken vermicelli four to five times (add the raisins for the fourth steaming). If unfamiliar with this process, follow steaming directions in How to Steam Couscous or How to Make Seffa Medfouna.
Cook the Saffron Chicken, Lamb or Beef
While you're steaming the couscous or broken vermicelli, also prepare the meat.
Mix the chicken, lamb or beef with the onions, spices, butter, oil and cilantro in a Dutch oven or heavy-bottomed pot. Gently brown the chicken or meat over medium heat for about 10 minutes.
If cooking chicken, don't add water as the chicken will braise in its own juices. If preparing lamb or beef, add enough water to just cover the meat.
Cover the pot and cook over medium heat, stirring occasionally, until the meat is very tender. This will take about 1 hour for the chicken, but may take longer for the lamb or beef. Avoid scorching the meat, and add a small amount of water to the lamb or beef during the cooking if necessary.
When the chicken or meat has been cooked, reduce the liquids until a thick sauce has formed. Discard the cinnamon sticks, and taste for seasoning. If desired, remove the chicken from the bones.
To Serve Seffa Medfouna
Gently toss the steamed broken vermicelli or couscous with the butter and powdered sugar. Place about 1/3 of this mixture on a very large serving dish.
Arrange the chicken or meat in the center, and cover with the sauce. Pile the rest of the couscous or vermicelli on top of the meat, using your hands to shape a dome.
Decorate the mound of seffa in a vertical pattern with the cinnamon, ground almonds and powdered sugar. Serve immediately, with small bowls of powdered sugar, ground almonds and cinnamon on the side.
It's Moroccan tradition to gather around a single plate of Seffa Medfouna, with each person eating from his own side of the dish and adding additional almonds, cinnamon or sugar as desired.