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Msemen Recipe - Square-Shaped Moroccan Pancakes (Rghaif)

User Rating 5 Star Rating (4 Reviews)



Msemen (Rghaif)

Photo © Christine Benlafquih

This is a recipe for the dough used to make msemen, a flattened square-shaped rghaif. The dough is kneaded like bread dough until soft and smooth.

How to Fold and Make Msemen shows how to flatten portions of the dough and fold them into squares. Frying the dough in a pan yields a layered pancake or flatbread that is crispy on the outside and chewy on the inside.

The recipe calls for a little semolina for texture and taste. How much to use is a matter of personal preference. Substitute more semolina for some of the white flour if you like a coarser texture.

Also try making round Moroccan Meloui.

Prep Time: 30 minutes

Cook Time: 30 minutes

Total Time: 1 hour

Yield: Approx. 20 msemen (4" square)


  • 3 1/2 cups flour (440 g)
  • 1/2 cup fine semolina (90g)
  • 2 teaspoons sugar
  • 2 teaspoons salt
  • 1/4 teaspoon yeast
  • 1 1/2 cups warm water (approx. 1/3 liter)
  • * * *
  • For folding and cooking the msemen:
  • 1 1/2 cups vegetable oil
  • 1/2 cup fine semolina
  • 1/4 cup very soft unsalted butter


Mix all the dry ingredients in a large bowl.

Add 1 1/2 cups of warm water, and mix to form a dough. Add more water if necessary to make a dough that is soft and easy to knead, but not sticky. If the dough is too sticky to handle, add a little flour one tablespoon at a time.

Transfer the dough to a lightly floured work surface and knead by hand for 10 minutes, (or knead the dough in a stand mixer with dough hook for 5 minutes), until the dough is very smooth and elastic.

Proceed with folding and cooking the dough. See How to Fold and Make Msemen.

Serving Suggestions:

  • Serve the msemen plain, with butter and honey, or jam.
  • To make a syrup from butter and honey, simply melt equal portions of butter and honey in a pan until hot and bubbly. Carefully and quickly dip the msemen in the syrup and place on a serving platter.
User Reviews

Reviews for this section have been closed.

 5 out of 5
Perfect!, Member Fzahara

Finally I found a recipe that actually turns out! Thank you so much! I have tried numerous Msemen recipes and none of them have turned out to how I remember my Mother-in-laws. They were either like a cracker or very pasty. This recipe turned out beautifully! They were light and flaky. Just perfect! The only downfall is now my Moroccan hubby will want me making these everyday lol.

4 out of 4 people found this helpful.

See all 4 reviews

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